Parents and the student when appropriate are full participating members of the team. Before the school system may provide special education and related services to the child for the first time, the parents must give consent. The child begins to receive services as soon as possible after the IEP is written and this consent is given.
If the parents do not agree with the IEP and placement, they may discuss their concerns with other members of the IEP team and try to work out an agreement. If they still disagree, parents can ask for mediation , or the school may offer mediation. Parents may file a state complaint with the state education agency or a due process complaint , which is the first step in requesting a due process hearing , at which time mediation must be available.
Parents are given a copy of the IEP. This includes the accommodations, modifications, and supports that must be provided to the child, in keeping with the IEP. If necessary, the IEP is revised. Parents, as team members, must be invited to participate in these meetings. Parents can make suggestions for changes, can agree or disagree with the IEP, and agree or disagree with the placement.
If parents do not agree with the IEP and placement, they may discuss their concerns with other members of the IEP team and try to work out an agreement. There are several options, including additional testing, an independent evaluation, or asking for mediation, or a due process hearing. They may also file a complaint with the state education agency. At least every three years the child must be reevaluated. You may find the following sections of our website particularly helpful for understanding the requirements and responsibilities intrinsic to the special education process.
Back to top Step 1. Child is identified as possibly needing special education and related services. Back to top Step 2. Assessment encompasses many different methods of evaluation, one of which is using tests. Whatever their role, special educators encounter a variety of situations that require practical decisions and relevant suggestions.
No matter which type of professional you become in the field of special education, it is always necessary to fully understand the assessment process and to be able to clearly communicate vital information to professionals, parents, and students Pierangelo and Giuliani, The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA , Public Law , lists 13 separate categories of disabilities under which children may be eligible for special education and related services. These are:. To determine if a child is eligible for classification under one of the 13 areas of exceptionality, an individualized evaluation, or assessment, of the child must be conducted.
The focus of this series is to take you, the educator, step-by-step through the assessment process in special education. This evaluation is often called a "triennial.
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However, the child must be reevaluated more often if conditions warrant or if the child's parent or teacher asks for a reevaluation. July, A Guide to the Individualized Education Program. Department of Education. Reprints You are welcome to print copies for non-commercial use, or a limited number for educational purposes, as long as credit is given to Reading Rockets and the author s.
Exceptional Teachers Teaching Exceptional Children
For commercial use, please contact the author or publisher listed. Related Topics Assessment and Evaluation. Intervention and Prevention. Comments I think this is make sense to me. Add comment Your name. More information about text formats. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
The Big Book of Special Education Resources
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