IAP flying Ibis fighters , the first squadron of the IAP I , as well as pilots from the IAP and the IAP without their aircraft became the foundation for the newly formed aviation unit. It is important to note that the majority of the pilots of the newly formed regiment at that moment had experience in aerial combat against the Japanese near Lake Khasan and the Khalkin-Gol River, and in Republican Spain. Moreover, prior to March 13, the regiment comprising three squadrons participated in the war against the White Finns, flying sorties, and was in aerial combat four times during which five enemy aircraft would have been shot down - the regiment lost also five aircraft in combat during that war.
Therefore, when at 4 a. Already by the fourth day of the Great Patriotic war the pilots had engaged in their first aerial combat that ended up with victory over the enemy. Captain Zaytsev claimed three of the German fighters in the ensuing minute dogfight. Alexander P. Zaytsev was killed on 30 May when he crashed with his Airacobra during a training flight.
He had claimed 35 victories including 25 shared. There were also irreplaceable losses alongside the victories.
Thus, on June 10, three Is under heavy enemy antiaircraft artillery fire, attacked a vehicle column headed for the front lines. The Guards banner was presented to Guards Colonel Reyfshneyder, regimental commander, on 20th June Pavlov collection. IAP was transformed into the 19th Guards IAP 'for demonstrated courage, heroism and steadfastness in the struggle against fascism' - the Guards Banner was presented to the regiment on June 20th of that year.
In this instance, the aircraft packed in crates arrived directly at the combat regiment, bypassing the reserve aviation regiment 22nd ZAP at Ivanovo. Engineering and technical personnel used their own resources to assemble the aircraft.
At first, Soviet pilots approached without confidence the nose-wheel landing gear unusual for that time; however, they very quickly noted the advantages of this landing gear scheme over the traditional scheme with a tail-wheel landing gear: it provided better field of view and simpler control when taxiing. The pilots also liked the way the fighters handled in the air. Canopy glass provided essentially a circular field of view from the cockpit and the latter was roomy and comfortable even for Western standards, and it had a heater. The significant inner volume of the cockpit was not the least thing in the severe Arctic conditions where pilots were forced to fly wearing warm winter clothing.
The majority of Soviet fighters of that time generally lacked radios and their cockpits were too crowded. Even in the latest MiG, LaGG and Yak aircraft, in the best case transceivers were installed only in the aircraft of the flight commanders. Organization of two-way radio exchanges in the air allowed a significant improvement in tactical employment of the P fighters.
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Now any pilot, and not just the commander, could either himself warn his comrades of danger or he could himself receive a timely warning. The emotions of Soviet pilots regarding the armament of the Airacobra were more contradictory. Pilots preferred the 20 mm automatic cannon, considering the Browning 7. The wing-mounted machine guns often were removed.
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The reduction in aircraft weight increased its maneuvering capabilities, while the pilots did not think removal of two machine guns of rifle caliber was a great sacrifice the Aircobra 1 was armed with a 20 mm canon and two. The airmen liked very much the later PQ Airacobra version that included a 37 mm cannon and four. The aircraft was issued to fighter regiments of the Soviet Air Forces VVS in , but most were apparently destroyed during the opening days of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June Robust and easy to maintain, it was much liked by pilots and ground crew alike.
It was one of the smallest and lightest major combat fighters fielded by any combatant during the war.
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Its high power-to-weight ratio gave it excellent performance. It proved a formidable dogfighter. After the war ended, it was flown by the Yugoslav and Polish Air Forces. The Yakovlev Yak was a prototype Soviet fighter built in late s.
It was the first Soviet aircraft to be equipped with an afterburning turbojet, the Klimov RDF that was derived from the German Jumo engine. Only two examples were built as it was rejected for service by the Soviet Air Force. The Polikarpov I was a Soviet fighter aircraft designed in It was flown with three engines but all of them were either insufficiently developed for service use or their full production was reserved for other fighters already in production.
The I program was cancelled on 27 January The Polikarpov I was a Soviet fighter prototype. It was the last attempt to extract performance from the basic Polikarpov I design. The development cycle was plagued with problems, especially with the death of the star Soviet test pilot Valery Chkalov in one of the prototypes. The designation was later reused for a different interceptor design.
Tasked by the Council of Ministers in a directive issued on 11 March , with producing a straight winged fighter similar to the earlier Yak, but powered by a Rolls-Royce Derwent V, OKB swiftly produced the Yak, which blazed several trails as the first Soviet fighter with a fully pressurised cockpit, air conditioning, jettisonable canopy, and hydraulic airbrakes on the fuselage amongst other innovations.
The Sukhoi Su was a prototype Soviet all-weather interceptor which never reached production. The name was later reused for an entirely different s interceptor, see Sukhoi Su Its development was quite prolonged, although successful, but by the time it finished its manufacturer's trials in early there was no need for a high-altitude fighter and it was not worth reducing the production of existing fighters to convert a factory over to the I Derived from the Lavochkin La, the used several different engines, but the program was canceled as other fighters with more powerful engines and swept wings showed more promise.
The Lavochkin La , known as Strelka Arrow , was the first Soviet swept-winged jet fighter research prototype. It was designed and manufactured by the Lavochkin Design Bureau from USAF reporting name - Type 6. Like the better known Mikoyan MiG which was ultimately selected and went on to become one of the most successful jet fighters of its era, the Lavochkin La was designed in response to a request for an advanced swept-wing jet fighter capable of transonic performance.
A scaled down version of this aircraft would lead to the production of the La, which performed well but would be dropped in favor of the MiG The Lavochkin La ,, was a swept wing jet fighter designed and manufactured by the Lavochkin Design Bureau from Spara som favorit. Laddas ned direkt.
This book examines the LaGG family of fighters, that were amongst the first modern piston-engined interceptors made available to the Red Air Forces in early and proved far better fighters than their radial-engined predecessors. Despite technical maladies and political interference from Moscow, the LaGG-3 matured into an effective fighter when flown to its strengths at low level.